International Journal of Advanced Research and Development

ISSN: 2455-4030

Vol. 1, Issue 2 (2016)

Poverty alleviation in India: A study of national policies and Programmes

Author(s): Ram Babu, Dr. AN Panda
Abstract: The paper discusses the implementation of national policies and programmes in removing poverty in some Indian states by taking into account the factors of population, sex ratio, and literacy rate and number of below poverty line people. The study is based on data collected from estimate reports and national level assessment reports and it is related to the states of Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Jharkhand which are also known as BIMARU states. Poverty is a social-economic phenomenon in which a section of society is deprived of basic necessities of life like food, clothing, housing, education, etc. According Census of India, 2011, in India out of the total population of 121 cores, 83.3 cores lives in rural areas. Thus, nearly 70 per cent of the India’s population lives in rural areas. Major Anti-Poverty programmes like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Rastriya Sama Vikas Yojana (RSVY), Food for work programme, Indira Awas Yojana (IAY), Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY), Integrated Tribal Development Project (ITDP), Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Pradhan Mantri Jandhan yojana, Antyodaya plan., Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana, Digital India Programm, etc. aim at reducing poverty in India,
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