Vol. 1, Issue 2 (2016)
Secularism in the Indian Democracy
Author(s): Awdhesh Kumar
Abstract: In the West, particularly Europe, and less so in the case of USA, secularism had its genesis in the (to use a euphemism for confrontation, conflict and tussle) dialects between organized religion epitomized in Catholic Church and the state aided in the process by such forces as renaissance and humanism, spurt in scientific and technological inventions, discoveries, breakthroughs, navigation, international commerce and trade, reformation. We know how the multiplication of faiths and creeds and the consequent religious wars and attendant bloodbath paved the way for the emergence of secular state slowly but surely. We often tend to ignore, willingly or unwillingly, these changes in the West and the context of West while discussing about secularism in India. So form a broad historical perspective the modern secular ideal and concept originated in the West and illustrated as a world view under the impetus provided by the major social changes of the modern age – Religious reformation, Industrial revolution and the Democratic transition.