Vol. 1, Issue 3 (2016)
The effectiveness of student teams-achievement division (STAD) cooperative learning on mathematics achievement among school students in Sarikei District, Sarawak
Author(s): Wong Nguok Ling, Mohd Izam Bin Ghazali, Arumugam Raman
Abstract: This research aims to identify the effectiveness of Student Teams-Achievment Division (STAD) cooperative learning techniques towards Mathematics achievement in Sarikei District, Sarawak. The number of subjects involved this research is seventy students from Year Five in Sarikei District, Sarawak. 35 students were in the experimental group – 20 males and 15 females – while another 35 students were in the control group – 19 males and 16 females. Data collection was done twice which were the pretest and the post test. The gap between the exam was four weeks. The Mathematics test has 20 items which consisted of 10 comprehension items and another 10 communication 10 items. The questions were adapted from Primary School Assessment Test (Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah). The data was analysed with mixed between-within subjects ANOVA. The findings of this research have shown that STAD techniques in Mathematics learning can increase Mathematics achievement. This research has also shown main effect and direct interaction in students’ Mathematics achievement in the posttest between the experimental group and the control group. This shows that STAD cooperative learning techniques play important roles as an active pedagory to increase Mathematics achievement. STAD encourages the students and teachers to be innovative and creative to improve teaching and learning of Mathematics in the classroom. These benefit the students in Sarikei District and enable them to compete healthily with the other students from urban areas in Mathematics.