Vol. 1, Issue 6 (2016)
Health problems perceived by working women due to higher role expectations and role strain at work and in family
Author(s): Sameshta, Dr. Sunita Agarwal
Abstract: Work performs an important role in individuals’ social lives, providing the support of a regular income, opportunities and personal growth, social identity and self-esteem, but can have consequences for the worker’s health. The work and home roles creates strain for working women because of the different role expectations and demands on her time. It is not surprising that working women suffer from role strain and perceived health problems. Working women do not have time to perform the tasks of the different roles incumbent on them resulting in a compromise of some degree in one or more roles. This tends to have an impact on their health, work and personal life. The present study was investigated with following objective: To find out the relationship between role expectations, role strain and perceived health problems among working women. The present study was carried out in Jaipur city of Rajasthan state. Total 200 working women were selected for study. In this study descriptive cross-sectional study with survey method was employed. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0. Bivariate analysis and Pearson Correlation Coefficient was used for assessing the relationship between different variables. The result shows that women’s role expectations were positively correlated with their role strain and perceived health problems and role strain also found to be positively correlated with perceived health problems. This indicates that as role expectations increases in different roles i.e. occupational, parental, marital and homecare roles among working women their role strain and perceived health problems (upset, irritation, anxiety, tension, body pain and headache etc.) also increases. As role strain increases among working women their perceived health problems i. e. upset, sad, irritation, anxiety, losing temper, tension, headache, tiredness and depression also increase.