Vol. 2, Issue 1 (2017)
Universalization of elementary education under different schemes
Author(s): Indu Bala
Abstract: Education is one of the fundamental necessities of man. Education is helpful in meeting our needs. Elementary education is the first stage of compulsory education. It is preceded by nursery education and followed by secondary education. Elementary Education is a stage where children learn many skills that will help to succeed in future life. It is directed in Article 45 of the Indian Constitution to Universalize, free and compulsory education to all the children up to 14 years age and this is also a fundamental right to education. But due to some reasons the goal of universal elementary education is yet not completed. Many schemes have been started to achieve the goal of universal elementary education. The present paper is to focus the status of Universalisation of Elementary Education under various schemes like:- Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Operation Blackboard (OB), District Primary Education Programme (DPEP), Mid-Day Meals Scheme, Education for All (EFA), National Education Policy (NEP), and Non-Formal Education etc.