Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2017)
Personal related barrier of tribal women dropouts from literacy programme: A critical analysis
Author(s): Dr. Deepak Kumar Pradhan, Dr. Laxmikanta Dash
Abstract: The main objective of this paper was to study Personal related barriers for female literacy among the different Tribal Groups dropout from literacy programmes in Bolangir district of Odisha. Methodology of the Study: Survey design was used for conducting this study. The total number of 18457, Tribal female dropouts from the Total Literacy Campaign, Post-Literacy Programme and Continuing of Bolangir district of Odisha served as the population. 800 respondents were drawn from the universe by using multistage Sampling Procedure.Stage-1: Out of 14 blocks in Bolangir District, 8 blocks were selected on the basis of Random Sampling procedure. Stage-2: From each block, 4 villages were selected again on the basis of Simple Random Sampling procedure Stage-3: Out of each selected block, 4 villages and 25 tribal women dropout from different stage of literacy campaign belonging to four prominent tribal groups (Kandha, Lodha, Bonda, Saora) were selected purposively using Convenient Sampling Procedure. Thus the samples drown from the universe for each of the selected tribal group works out to be 200. Interview Schedule used for the purpose of data collection and ‘t-test’ was used for the data analysis and interpretation. From the study it was found that variable like get tired after my days hard work, ill health was responsible for not attending the literacy classes, lack of proper companion led to my dropout from literacy classes, self-motivated to learn, age of study has passed, asking questions to the male volunteer teacher, difficulty in reading, difficulty in writing, difficulty in arithmetic, no time left for attending to the centres were acting as a problem for the Kandha, Lodha, Saora and Bonda tribal women from “minor problem” to “moderate problem”. It is clear from the study that the personal related factor acting as a barrier for attainment of the literacy centre for the tribal women. Further it was found that variables such as get tired after my days hard work, lack of proper companion led to my dropout from literacy classes, age of study has passed, difficulty in writing, asking questions to the male volunteer teacher, no time left for attending to the centers were differ from the opinions of the of Kandha, Lodha, Saora and Bonda tribal women.