The effect of cutaneous stimulation on pain perception at arterial puncture site among critically Ill patients in Menoufia University Hospital
Omima Said MH Shehata, Om Elhana Kamel A Abo Shehata
Pain caused by some therapeutic and nursing procedures has been a major concern of health care providers and arterial puncture is one of the most painful procedures for many hospitalized patients. So pain management is critical issue in the purview of all health professionals especially nurses because it is an important component of comprehensive nursing care. Nursing efforts should be made to assess and manage acute pain inflicted by insertion of needle in arterial puncture sites among critically ill patients. Aim of the current study was carried out to examine the effect of cutaneous stimulation on pain perception at arterial puncture site among critically ill patients in intensive care units at Menoufia University hospital. Sample: A random sample of hundred critically ill patients who undergoing arterial puncture. The study group (n=50) received cutaneous stimulation plus routine hospital care for pain management before arterial puncture, whereas the control group (n=50) received hospital care for pain management only. Tools: four tools were utilized to collect the data. Tool I: An interviewing questionnaire to assess sociodemographic and clinical data. Tool II: Physiological measure sheet. Tool III: a Visual Analog Scale, and Tool IV: Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool. Results: reveled that there were a statistically significant differences between study and control group related to pain perception of patients in terms of pain score immediately the puncture as well as 5 minutes after the puncture. Conclusions: Cutaneous stimulation is effective in reducing pain perception at arterial puncture site among critically ill patients.