Gender gap in status of subjective well-being among dual-earner couples
Sameshta, Dr. Sunita Agarwal
Dual-earner couples juggle multiple roles including work. A common problem for dual-earner couples in today’s society is increased responsibilities from work and family. With the addition of children to the family, caregiving responsibilities increase dramatically. Consequently, the combination of employment and family roles may well have impact on subjective well-being. This is especially true of the female spouse as she has major responsibilities of family roles as well as work role. Some studies found that time spent on housework as well as paid work contribute to gender gap in well-being. Women experienced generally lower sense of well-being than men. The present study was conducted on dual-earner couples of Jaipur city to find out the gender gap in status of subjective well-being among dual-earner couples. Total 200 couples (200 wives and 200 husbands) were selected for the study. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0 statistical tools. Result shows that husbands exhibited signs of good subjective well-being compared to wives. Husbands scores high on positive dimensions of subjective well-being while, wives scores high on negative dimensions of subjective well-being. This indicates that husbands experience more life satisfaction and frequent joy as compared to their wives. Wives perceived poorer mental and physical health and experienced greater negative affect than their husbands.