Parents of children with special needs and awareness of national trust Act 1999: In Varanasi District
The National Trust Act was established by the parliamentary act of 1999 to ensure the various rights of the four types of disabilities. There are many provisions and schemes run by the National Trust to provide safety and security to the person with disabilities and to protect their rights. So in the reference of such provisions and schemes of the National Trust Act 1999 the present study was conducted to find out awareness levels among the parents of children with Mental Retardation, Cerebral Palsy, Autism and Multiple Disabilities. The study is based on survey method and purposive sampling procedure was used. The sample includes total of 60 parents who are attending services at Sanjeevani Social Welfare Society and some special schools in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The researcher developed a questionnaire which has 30 items to identify the levels of awareness among the parents of children with Mental Retardation, Cerebral Palsy, Autism and Multiple Disabilities on the provisions and schemes of The National Trust Act 1999. The t-test and simple percentage were used to analyze the data and result of the study indicated that there is lack of awareness among parents of children with special needs as well as highly significant difference with reference to gender, age, and socio economic status of the parents also noted on the provisions and scheme of The National Trust Act 1999 by means of questionnaire.