Opinion towards panchayati raj yojana: A comparative study of elected and non-elected members of panchayati raj institutions of Agra district
Dr. Achla Gakkhar, Dr. Dolly Rani, Ms. Poonam
In India the system of village panchyat is very old. In ancient times the village formed the basic unit of social and economic life in India. The social contacts were more intimate, personal and lasting. The people not only knew each other but also belonged to each other. Panchayats or village assemblies existed in ancient India as self-governing institutions which had distinct and well-defined functions. The institution of Panchayat represented not only the collective will, but also the collective wisdom of the entire rural community. In India, the Panchayati Raj now functions as a system of governance in which gram panchayats are the basic units of local administration. The system has three levels: Gram Panchayat (village level), Mandal Parishad or Block Samiti or Panchayat Samiti (block level), and Zila Parishad (district level). It was formalized in 1992 by the 73rd amendment to the Indian Constitution Considering the above fact the present study entitled "to study the opinion of members of panchayati raj institution towards panchati raj yojana." in community development block Bichpuri of Agra district was undertaken with the hope and firm belief that the result of this study will be useful for policy makers and planners, who are attached to gram panchayats as well as those who can involve directly or indirectly in the extension programmes throughout the country. It is concluded from the study that 100 per cent of elected respondent of gram panchayat as agree all the statement while 92 per cent of non-elected respondents as agree all the statements. Only 4 per cent of non-elected respondents were disagreeing as all the statements.