The relationship of perceived social support with self-esteem among college-going students
Sajad Ahmad Bhat
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the two important psychological constructs i.e., Perceived social support and Self-esteem. Social Support is the assistance available to an individual or a circle of an individual’s life on which he or she can rely upon whenever they need any assistance in social life. Self-esteem can be defined as the person’s evaluation of his/her own life. It is a judgment of an individual or an opinion about oneself. Many studies have revealed that self-esteem is influenced by the support one has in his/her life. The present study was conducted to examine this relationship. The data was collected by simple random sampling from Amar College Srinagar. The data comprised of 75 students (40 males and 35 females). The Social support construct was measured by using a Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support scale developed by Zimet, Dahlem & Fairey (1988), and the Self Esteem construct was measured by using Self-esteem Scale developed by Rosenberg (1965). The perceived social support scale measured the three dimensions of the social life of an individual Family, friends, and Significant others. The collected data was analyzed by T-test and Pearson’s correlation. There was a significant positive correlation between self-esteem and three dimensions of social support. For self-esteem and family social support the correlation was found to be (r=.58, p<.001), for self-esteem and friends social support it was (r=.48, p<.001) and for significant other social support it was found to be(r=.50, p<.001). An independent-samples t-test was used to compare the mean difference in self-esteem scores among males and females. The results show a significant difference in scores for males (M=32.45, SD=4.24) and females (M=24.40, SD=4.34; t (71) =7.96, p<.001).the result also indicates a significant difference in self-esteem in terms of area of residence i.e., Rural (M=26.11, SD= 5.28) and Urban (M=29.92, SD=5.88, t (71) =2.90, p<.005). The results conclude that the social support influences the self-esteem of an individual which in turn impacts his academic and social life.