Vol. 2, Issue 4 (2017)
Variation in proportion of separated and divorced population in India by age gender and geographical region
Author(s): Vandana Rathore
Abstract: One of the most important transition in demographic trends in the twentieth century is observed in changing marriage patterns and increasing rates of divorce. In most of the developed countries dissolution of marriage has shown an increasing trend. Europe has been experiencing two to five times higher divorce rates than in the 1960s and there has been a marked trend of increasing universal divorce rates seen in Europe since 1970s (Sobotka, 2008). Divorce and non-marriages are becoming commonplace in many parts of Asia. In many of the East Asian countries marriage rates have decreased and divorce rates have reached levels as high as those of OECD countries. In China, although marriage rates have remained more or less stable, divorce rates have risen over three times over the past two decades. The South Asian countries are an exception to this trend, where marriage continues to be relatively early and divorce rates are relatively low. There is a rising trend of marriage dissolution in India over the last two decades, with rapid increases witnessed after 1999-2001. The probabilities of divorce and separation rose to over three times from 1987 to 2008 (Dommaraju, june 2016). This rise roughly coincides with the opening of the economy and higher degree of integration with the global economy, along with structural changes such as diminishing state control over media and employment, and liberalization in the fields of individual and social lives.