Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2017)
Women in Gurjara-Pratihara’s art: A study
Author(s): Dr. Sharmila
Abstract: The Gurjara-Pratijhara’s of Kanyakubja (Kanauj) were one of the prominent and earliest Rajputa rulers of north India who succeeded in yielding supremacy over north in circa 8th century A.D.1 The period between circa 7th to 12th century A.D. in north India has its won importance for its political and socio-economic development, which was marked by feudal tendencies. After the fall of the Gupta empire political unity was shattered which resulted in the emergence of new royal dynasties, and a a conscious regional outlook throughout India. The political struggle for supremacy resulted into political fragmentation which vastly affected the socio-economic life of north India. The material milieu of the period had a comprehensive effect on its social structure. In the category of secular images we find maidens, Mithuana figures, Surasundri’s Musicians, dancers and other female depictions in the scenes of daily life. The female figures are found in standing, sitting and as well as reclining postures. They are depicted alone or with their male counter-parts. The standing figures are in sambhanga, dvibhanga or tribhanga poses. However, we do not find secular female figures in a sambhanga pose. it was popular in the case of devines females. Probably this posture was utilized to represents the unshakable calmness and firm immutability of the deity.