Women empowerment includes the lives of women at multiple levels, family, community, market, & the state. The question surrounding women’s empowerment, the condition and position of women have now become critical to the human rights based approaches to development. Empowering the women in social, political, economical and legal aspects is necessary to convert the idle society into self-sustainable society. It involves the building up of a society wherein women can breathe without the fear of oppression, exploitation, apprehension, discrimination and the general feeling of persecution which goes with being a woman in a traditionally male dominated structure. One major therapy prescribed by woman empowerment advocates is empowering women through legislation for ensuring participation in political decision making.
Panchayt Raj and decentralization witnessed tremendous popularity both in the 20th century as well as in the second decade of 21st century. Democratic decentralization is a highly concerned concept for development. Decentralization promotes local level representation, solves local issues and enhances decision making powers of the rural people. Effective decentralization provides greater choice to the people to participate in decision making and this could act as a mechanism in the development process.
This paper is attempts to look into the dynamism of the process whereby women empowerment is achieved through legislation or women participation in the Panchayat Raj Institutions.