Vol. 2, Issue 6 (2017)
Anthropogenic impact on avifauna near protected forest areas: A case study of Jalpaiguri and Alipurduar districts, West Bengal
Author(s): Purnima Mallick
Abstract: Travel and tourism continues to be one of the worlds’ largest industries. Tourism accounts for a minor share of global water use in comparison to agriculture, which constitutes an estimated 70 percent of total water consumption. Water shortage is directly influencing the tourist market as it is a large consumer of water. But water protects ecosystem and biodiversity by providing minimum stream flow necessary for wildlife, wetlands necessary for migratory birds and landscape necessary for protecting wild habitat. The main objective of the study is to discuss about the protection of natural habitat of flora and fauna and promote eco-tourism and to raise some issues regarding preservation of natural resources. Northern part of West Bengal is a perfect example of ecological and cultural hot spot which provide shelter to numerous avifauna; has been selected for the study. Both primary and secondary data have been collected from various sources for generating data base of tourist inflow and conversion of natural habitats of various a avifauna. The finding of the study reveals that effective regulatory frameworks for tourism and water management should be formed to protect the avifauna natural resources.