International Journal of Advanced Research and Development

International Journal of Advanced Research and Development


ISSN: 2455-4030

Vol. 2, Issue 6 (2017)

Management and prevention of historic monuments with respect to environmental issues in India

Author(s): Rajesh Kumar Tiwari, Pawan Kumar Verma, Ghanshyam Chaurasia, Hem Chandra
Abstract: Ashoka Pillar Edicts were one of the earliest efforts in India that focused on respecting and preserving the environment, forests and wildlife. Yajnavalkya Smriti, a historic Indian text on statecraft and jurisprudence, suggested to have been written before the 5th century AD, prohibited the cutting of trees and prescribed punishment for such acts. Kautalya's Arthashastra, written in Mauryan period, emphasised the need for forest administration. Ashoka went further, and his Pillar Edicts expressed his view about the welfare of environment and biodiversity. "Happiness in this world and the next is difficult to obtain without much love for the dhamma, much self-examination, much respect, much fear of evil, and much enthusiasm. Beloved-of-the-Gods, King Piyadasi (Ashoka), speaks thus: Animals were declared to be protected – parrots, mainas, aruna, geese, wild ducks, nandimukhas, gelatas, bats, queen ants, terrapins, boneless fish, vedareyaka, gangapuputaka, sankiya fish, tortoises, porcupines, squirrels, deer, bulls, okapinda, wild asses, wild pigeons, domestic pigeons and all four-footed creatures that are neither useful nor edible. Also protected were nanny goats, ewes and sows which are with young or giving milk to their young, and so are young ones less than six months old. Cocks are not to be caponised, husks hiding living beings are not to be burnt, and forests are not to be burnt either without reason or to kill creatures. One animal is not to be fed to another. Our king killed very few animals. — Ashoka's Seven Pillar Edicts
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