Vol. 2, Issue 6 (2017)
Trans-boundary water resources of Afghanistan and water sharing relations with its neighbours
Author(s): Alka, Pradeep Kumar Suthar
Abstract: Water can plays a key role in internal as well as external risk of violence and the issue of Water-Sharing that contributes to a broad sense of unease relations among the states. Concerns over water are well connected with the other complex web of tensions including drugs, Islamist extremism, ethnic rivalries and border disputes. There is no war over water has recorded yet but problems among the states including affecting their economic development, fuelling extremism and occasionally resulting in violence. The interdependency and high reliance on water that flows across borders makes the situation more complicated. However war is a very expensive way of controlling resources so most countries prefer agreements. In case of Afghanistan the country uses only a small portion (about 30 per cent) of the water that originates in the country. Afghanistan is an innate landlocked country and virtually all major Afghanistan’s rivers drain off into riparian neighbouring countries. Because Afghanistan lacks sufficient dams, reservoirs and flow control structures to adequately manage and control this runoff. As a result, the country is susceptible to both severe flooding and droughts, and has little control of water flow into neighbouring countries. This paper will discuss all water utilization related enigmas of Afghanistan and the disputes over water sharing with its neighbouring states of Central Asia, Pakistan and Iran.