The issue of equality and equity of opportunity has been debated for decades and been part of the community’s key principle. According to Syed, Jawad (2009) an equal opportunity has objectives related to the creation of conditions where women and men are treated alike and do not have precedence over each other on the basis of their gender. However, research alerts us against an uncritical adoption of cultural practices which are consistently inscribed by patriarchy, and which have resulted in gendered structure of states and religions, such as restrictions on female education or confinement of women with the four walls of the house. Scholars have suggested that different socio-political approaches towards gender are largely the result of historic developments as well as outcomes of political, economic, and cultural conflicts.
This article attempts to develop a context-specific framework for equal opportunity in society which is consistent with historical Urdu literature context. Urdu, in the words of Markandey Katju (2008), is a great language, which has produced perhaps the best poetry in modern India -Mir, Galib, Firaq, Faiz, etc. - and is a shining gem in the treasury of Indian culture. Urdu is loved by Indian because it has grown among the people and its literature is a literature of protest, protest against the afflictions of the common man and against injustice, ritualism, formalism, and oppressive or antiquated social customs.