Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2018)
Jawaharlal Nehru’s Concept and Programme of Socialism
Author(s): Dr. Shaffali Jain
Abstract: Jawaharlal Nehru was an Indian statesman who was the first prime minister of India, from 1947 until 1964. His Socialism had three dimensions. It was founded on: (1) Western liberal influence, (2) Marxism philosophy, and (3) Gandhi an ethics. Nehru was not a pioneer in the socialist field in India. Nehru attended lectures of progressive intellectuals like Bernard Shaw, Bertrand Russell and J.M. Keynes. As a result, he was drawn towards Fabien socialistic concept and became interested in the political movements of the day. Speaking about the influence of Russell, Shaw and the Webs, Nehru said, "I do not remember any special anti-colonialism in all that, except of course that I was against British rule in India, very strongly, so and perhaps there was some connection between their ideology and this (anticolonialism)". Nehru was not a theoretician of socialism but a fine intellectual with liberal mind which was exposed to democratic, Marxist and Gandhian philosophies. In the early period of the freedom struggle, Nehru emphasized socialism as an economic theory or doctrine.