Question: Which one is better, multi-sensory approach or Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation on improving functional mobility and dynamic balance in elderly.
Duration: 4 weeks.
Methodology: A total of 30 convenient elderly either sex aged ≥60 yrs (14 female, 16 male) were recruited and randomized equally in two groups to treat either with PNF (Group A) or Multisensory approach (Group B) were selected on the basis of fulfillment of inclusion criteria. Data from prior work suggested that a minimum of 7 subjects in each group would be required to meet the statiscal power.(15)
Result: The readings of the outcome measures dynamic balance were measured with SEBT. Prior to training, both the Group A and Group B demonstrated similar performance on the SEBT in the measured variables. Following the interventions, the SEBT composite score of all eight reach directions in both groups and limbs increased (improved) at post and the improvement was evident higher in Group A than Group B and right limb than left limb.
Conclusion: This study concluded that both groups had an improvement in the dynamic mobility as measured in SEBT scores. But only the PNF technique obtained statistically significant gains after four weeks of intervention. However, when comparing both the interventions, there was no statistically significant difference.