Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2018)
Vivekananda’s views on women empowerment
Author(s): Reshma Khatun, Nasir Ahmed
Abstract: Throughout the history of the Indian civilization it is clearly visualized that women enjoyed a very considerable position in society and their status was much better than at present. As several civilizations evolved, their status was gradually deteriorating. After the realization of women's contribution to the development of the family in particular and the society as a whole, several attempts to empower women have been made by different social reformers, and this is an ongoing process. Swami Vivekananda, one of the great religious and social thinkers of India, thought about the empowerment of women in the context of traditional Indian philosophy. His thoughts reflected throughout his work and speeches, which are much more socialistic rather than religious in nature. He believed that in the future, Indian women would cross the chapter of glorious achievements made by the ancient Indian women instead of making them only as a reflected glory. Every manifestation of power in universe is “Mother”. He tried to increase awareness, develop and empower women not only through education but also by enlightening them through the philosophy of Indian spiritualism, which might be considered as an effective system or approach in the process of empowering women. Nowadays the profession of social work also plays a very important role in this matter. But it is also clear to us that in spite of the best efforts, the women's empowerment movement is not up to the mark. Emphasis is given on physical and economic development rather than intellectual development. Thus this paper focuses on the process of women's empowerment, in which the thoughts of Vivekananda were very much applicable.