Vol. 3, Issue 2 (2018)
Natural language to logical language: Its scopes and limits
Author(s): SK Aktar Hossain
Abstract: Philosophers often speak of two types of language: the ordinary language i.e. the communicative and the ideal i.e. the logical language. Every ordinary language or the communicative language has the power to be adopted and to be absorbed into other languages through the words itself. Not only so, thought contained in one language is translatable into any other language. These suggest that all ordinary languages have an identical deep structure. This identical deep structure is their common logical structure. The ideal or the logical language is designed to reveal this deep logical structure of all languages, because (i) there are many drawbacks in ordinary language which become impediment of science (ii) in order to get the fixed picture of reality and (iii) the ordinary languages often fail to reveal the same. The trend to sublime from ordinary language to logical language seems to be started right from the age of Aristotle and this path has been inculcated by the modern logicians like George Boole, John Venn, Augustus De Morgan, Rudolf Carnap, Alfred North Whitehead, Bertrand Russell, Gilbert Ryle, Gottlob Frege, Early Wittgenstein etc. But this particular way of discovering the Reality has also been criticised by P.F. Strawson, Later Wittgenstein, Austin etc. This paper will be confined to the limitations of this trend only.