Vol. 3, Issue 3 (2018)
Causes of land conflict in Puntland state of Somalia the case for Garowe city
Author(s): Ali Saleban Jama, Dr. Mohamed Samanter, Dr Willy Muturi, Dr. Hellen Mberia
Abstract: This project research sets out to deepen our understanding the causes of land conflict in Puntland. The research aimed to explain Land ownership trends, Analyze Puntland state of Somalia land tenure system and their relation to land conflict and finally, to assess the existing institutional arrangements and their contribution to land conflicts; The project research have Applied a qualitative and quantitative research method, exploring the causes of land conflict in Puntland. The study has drawn on a combination of theories, including Clan manipulation, structure and agency, institutional analysis, uneven development, ground theories and group interest these was helped in the analysis and inform the data collection approaches in addition, it was assisted in the development of appropriate explanations of the dynamics between factors such conflict dynamics and Clanity, corruption, and the market, among others. The research findings shown over half 66% of surveyed participants reported own land. The most common form of land acquisition identified by all participants was by purchasing it 57.9%, followed by receiving it as inherited 31.6%, Other identified methods of acquisition included: got it us gift 5.7%, Grabbed forcefully 5.7%; The majority 89.5% of respondents believes that communal land should be set aside. However, only 45.2% respondents reported communal land within their area. In drawing conclusions, the causes of land conflict in Puntland have from social, political and economic factors. The factors are mediated by several factors are institutional, Clan and patronage-based. The research revealed the linkage between Clanity and corruption, and the simultaneous relationships between power, corruption, institutions and Clanity toward land conflict. The study suggested number of recommendations such as Strengthen the Judicial System and Local Governments and revision and Implementation of Land Legislation Implement, strengthen Public Awareness Campaigns, Provide Traditional and Religious Leaders with Training on land management. The study concluded by proposing areas for further study, including urban dynamics and land ownership in Somali’s, Puntland urban areas; corruption, politics and landlordism in Garowe; land markets and conflicts in urban areas; the development of appropriate models for urban land management, and the links between land tenure and conflicts over land in urban areas.