Vol. 3, Issue 3 (2018)
The use of medial epiphysis of the Sudanese clavicle to determinate age group (20-24 Years)
Author(s): Mohammed Abdelmotalab
Abstract: Bone age determination is a procedure performed in radiology to describe the maturation degree of bone which takes great importance in forensic age determination. Development of medial clavicular epiphysis is a useful tool in age identification because the clavicle is last long bone ossified. This study was done to evaluate the ossification of medial claviclular epiphysis in Sudanese people in Khartoum state from Sep.2010 to Jan.2011, aimed to determinate the bone age. The study was conducted in Khartoum and Gaffer Ibnaof Hospitals, Chest X-rays (posteroanterior view) have been taken for group of 50 individuals from 20 to 24 years, and 35 of these images permitted assessment ossification of medial epiphysis. 15 images not allowed the ossification assessment due to overlapping of structures. The study found that ossification of medial clavicular epiphysis is partially-ossified from 20 to 24 year in male. However in age 24 in female it is semicomplete ossified, complete fusion of Sudanese medial clavicular epiphysis was not observed in this age group 20-24 years. These findings was compared to previous studies and showed that fusion of medial epiphyseal plate of the clavicle is partial at this age group, and there is a landmark of rapid ossification in females in age 24. It was concluded that plain chest radiographs can essentially be used to analyze the clavicular ossification. It was recommended that in case there is overlapping posterior-anterior views impeding evaluation, additional radiographic examinations, should also be taken to facilitate age determination.