Vol. 3, Issue 4 (2018)
Prevalence of obesity in PCOS female
Author(s): Dr. Pooja Shah, Dr. Sanjivani Khandale
Abstract: Background: Polycystic ovary studies involving women with PCOS are often confounded by coexisting obesity, insulin resistance and other features of the metabolic syndrome. In a woman genetically predisposed to developing PCOS, weight gain may be enough to unmask the condition (which may otherwise have remained asymptomatic). Thus, weight gain is an important (both genetic and environmental) contributor to phenotype in many women with PCOS. Condition is closely associated with the obesity but the prevalence of obesity is varied between the other published studies. The objective of this study was to find the prevalence of obesity in women having PCOS. Methods: Skin fold measurement, BMI and waist hip ratio were taken to measure the obesity of the women with PCOS skin fold measurement was taken by caliper (biceps, triceps, subscapular, supraspinale, abdominal, thigh, calf). Result: Total 80 participants were studied, and we found the following result that shows, Women with PCOS had increased obesity (44% normal, overweight 20%, pre-obese 16%, type1 obese 8%, type2 obese 6%) according to BMI. Skin fold value were measured by calliper (lean 12%, acceptable 72%, moderately overweight 14%)it shows that abdominal obesity was found to be high in all. Waist hip ratio was (moderate 44%, high 38%, very high 18%), that shows percentage of obesity among the PCOS female. Conclusion: Women with PCOS had a greater risk of obesity. Although our finding supports a positive association between obesity and PCOS, our conclusions are limited by the significant heterogeneity. Clinical management of PCOS should include the prevention and management of obesity.