Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2019)
The protection of children from sexual offences act, 2012: An analysis on legislative framework
Author(s): Sharona KP
Abstract: Sexual offences on children are a reprehensible criminal act and are globally prevalent in all societies. Children are soft targets of sexual violence and therefore are extremely vulnerable. India has hence adopted the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO) in 2012. It is a comprehensive law on sexual abuse, which expands the scope and range of forms of sexual offences, makes reporting of abuse mandatory and defines guidelines for the examination of victims. It was the first time in India that adult and child sexual offences were demarcated, highlighting the significant markers for identifying abuse among children. As per Crime in India report, published by the National Crime Records Bureau, reporting of crime against children has steadily shown an increase against children especially child sexual abuse. The purpose of the article is to provide an overview of POCSO Act and intends to explain the provisions attached to the Act. The article also addresses about the relevance of the Act as well as its limitations also. A brief summary about the punishment under the Act is also discussed here.