Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2019)
A study on impact of intervention programme on women suffering from hypothyroidism in Dharwad city, Karnataka
Author(s): Renuka Meti
Abstract: The present study was conducted to know the incidence and prevalence of hypothyroidism among women in Dharwad city. Thirty hypothyroid women patients were selected randomly from the workshop conducted at Dharwad city. The questionnaires (pre and post) were administered as a tool to collect the baseline and post intervention information. Majority (43%) of the respondents were having normal body mass index (BMI). Majority of the patients were aged between 40 and 50 years and developed hypothyroidism between the age of 30 and 40 years. Respondents suffered from symptoms like general fatigue(86%), swelling in the neck ( 64%), thickening of the tongue( 60%), and constipation (23%). The baseline data revealed that, the women were lacking knowledge regarding foods to be avoided and included during the treatment of hypothyroidism. After intervention their knowledge regarding consumption of chicken and mutton ( BI- 60% daily, and AI- 100% weekly),wheat and wheat products (BI- 83% daily, AI-100% do not consume), green leafy vegetables (BI- <34% daily, AI – 100% daily). Consumption pattern in raw or cooked form of goitrogenous foods like cabbage, cauliflower (BI -40% raw, AI - 100% cooked), iodised salt (BI-86%, AI – 100%) and millets (BI;43- 60% daily, AI - 100% daily) was recorded. The study concluded that life style disease may occur due to several reasons and it can be managed through dietary modifications such as food to be consumed or avoided and shifting from preserved foods to fresh foods that can provide nutrients to lead a healthy life. Intervention programme was very effective as revealed by significant results and there was a significant improvement in respondents knowledge regarding their dietary aspects post intervention.