Vol. 4, Issue 5 (2019)
Socio-Economic and political life of deoris in Assam: A study on social acculturation
Author(s): Dr. Sona Ram Kalita
Abstract: The Deori community is one of the major Schedule Tribes communities of Assam, who have been able to maintain their old tradition and culture. They are constituted on important ethnic group in North East India. They belong to the Indo-Mongoloid race and linguistically they belong to the Tibeto-Burman linguistic family. Among numerous kingdoms they came into political way and the most powerful and indigenous people can be known as the Deori-Chutia, even now would explain this fact. The Ahom rulers were quick to grasp this gap, and after consolidation of political power, and with more inter-contracts, their response to the Hinduisation process was one of the political considerations. The topic will shown that there were two groups of immigrants from the North and north-west into the rich valley of the Brahmaputra i.e. the first entered North-east Bengal, thereafter slowly shifted to western Assam through the valley of the Tista, Dharla, Sonkosh etc. In this way after entering the Brahmaputra Valley they in course of time, founded the kingdom of Kundila in Sadia. It has been stated in the available documents that the Deoris are ethnically affiliated to great Tibeto-Burman tribes. They conducted magico-religious rituals in the royal temples of the Chutias kingdom and of other kingdoms in olden days. There were four classes of Deoris, one of them are mysteriously missing when they migrated from Sadiya through River Brahmaputra. It will be stated on living patter, social acculturation, practices of rites and rituals, social inhibitions etc. Their family structure, law of inheritance, marriage system, religion, language, and role of the priests in their society are drawn succinctly here. At the end of the topic some new conclusions are drawn methodologically and properly.