Anthropometric measurements and body composition among the 16 years old adolescents
Dr. Kanwar Mandeep Singh
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and compare the anthropometric measurements and body composition components of the 16 years old rural and urban adolescents from Punjab. For the purpose of the study, 60 adolescents (30 rural and 30 urban) were selected to participate in the study. Height of the subjects was measured with the stadiometer. Body mass was assessed by using the portable weighing machine. Widths and diameters of body parts were measured by using digital caliper. Girths and lengths were taken with the flexible steel tape. Skinfold thicknesses were measured with the help of Harpenden skinfold caliper. The independent samples t-test revealed that the rural adolescents were significantly taller (p<0.05) than their urban counterparts. The rural children had significantly greater total arm length (p<0.01), total leg length, lower leg length, wrist (p<0.05) and thigh (p<0.05) circumferences, wrist (p<0.05), hand (p<0.05) and biacromial (p<0.05) diameters and lean body mass (p<0.05) than the urban adolescents. In conclusion, it is evident from the results that the rural adolescents possessed better anthropometric characteristics.
Dr. Kanwar Mandeep Singh. Anthropometric measurements and body composition among the 16 years old adolescents. International Journal of Advanced Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 5, 2017, Pages 426-429