Female foeticide in India and femicide in Brazil as a violation of human rights: challenges and policy framework
Female foeticide and femicide are the manifestations of violation of the basic human right that is the ‘right to live’. In general, human rights are the basic rights and freedoms to which all human beings irrespective of gender are entitled to. Gender inequality is a painful and a grave reality in the contemporary world and India and Brazil are no exception. Ingrained in its deep rooted patriarchal society, this issue is further aggravated by poverty, regional disparity, religion, race and skewed male/female sex ratio. Both the countries are making some important strides in this direction to foster gender equality which is supported by women’s movements and the civil society who have put a spotlight on the necessity to create new policies to mitigate gender discrimination and inequality. The paper makes an attempt to address the pressing issues and challenges faced by both the countries related to woman in general and girl child in particular. It will also take an account of the legal framework that acts as a deterrent in curbing the menace of foeticide and femicide. Liuz Inácio Lula da Silva under his first presidency in 2003 created a federal governmental body for the sole purpose of addressing gender equality issues. This attempt had translated in the creation of National Plan for Women’s Policies (NPWP) in 2004 which reaffirmed the commitment of the Brazilian Federal government and other governmental bodies to incorporate a gender perspective into policy making. Recently, President Dilma Roussef signed the femicide law hailed as a landmark in its fight against injustice and violence against women. It was part of the government’s zero-tolerance policy towards violence and atrocities against women in a country where 15 women are killed every day. In India, the ethical use of New Reproductive Technologies like ultrasound is under scrutiny as it is used to illegally terminate female foetus. Education of girls is a prerequisite and one of the best practices to sustainable development on the grounds that an educated girl is more likely to become a competent mother, an efficient family planner, a more productive and better-paid worker, an informed citizen, a skilful decision maker and a self-confident individual. The state intervention in spreading the message educating the girls under the current governments of President Dilma Roussef and Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be one of the crucial elements of the paper.
Sanghamitra Kalita. Female foeticide in India and femicide in Brazil as a violation of human rights: challenges and policy framework. International Journal of Advanced Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 5, 2017, Pages 313-316