The Kollam district occupies a very important place in the industrial map of Kerala state. Several traditional industries have flourished in important centres of this district even from very early days. Cashew processing and coir manufacture are the chief industrial vocations of the district. The handloom industry, clay and wood based industries also contribute to the industrial progression of the district. Almost all these industries continue to flourish in this district under the patronage of Government and quasi-government agencies even today. There have, however, been periods of stagnation and decline for these industries. Failures to adopt better techniques and to attain economies in organisation and production through co-operation have been some of the obstacles hampering their development.