International Journal of Advanced Research and Development

International Journal of Advanced Research and Development


International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2017)

Location–Allocation model applied to urban public services: Spatial analysis of fire stations in Mysore urban area Karnataka, India


Javaid Ahmad Tali, Mudasir Majid Malik, Divya S, Asima Nusrath, Mahalingam B

Background: Urban fire is one of the most disturbing problems in modern times with the development of technology designed for fire prevention and suppression, they continue to damage life and properties. Methods: Location-allocation model has been applied to find out the parts of the city having poor coverage. Potential sites were recommended wherefrom all demand points will be covered within a predefined impedance cutoff of time of five minutes as per the norms of Standard Fire Advisory Council (SFAC). The available sites to set up a fire station were identified using land use and land cover map that has been prepared from Landsat 8 satellite image were from agricultural land, wasteland land, follow land having area greater than 3 hectares were given as candidate (potential) sites. Results: Within the travel time of five minutes the result indicates that 66.45 percent of city population in the Southeast and Southwest is un-served. Two scenarios have been adopted to fulfill the requirements of such emergency facility; by relocating the existing facilities and without relocating existing facilities. In both the cases nine fire stations are required to cover the entire city effectively. Conclusion: Location allocation model provides the solution for spatial decision not to find the optimal locations for locating the emergency service facilities but also acts as tool to determine where and how many facilities are in need to fulfill the all requirements. Hence, it is advisable to adopt the second method that is, establishing six new fire stations without relocating existing three fire stations, which would be cost effective.
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How to cite this article:
Javaid Ahmad Tali, Mudasir Majid Malik, Divya S, Asima Nusrath, Mahalingam B. Location–Allocation model applied to urban public services: Spatial analysis of fire stations in Mysore urban area Karnataka, India. International Journal of Advanced Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 5, 2017, Pages 795-801
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development