In our country, the rights of women and people of minority class attains priority over other issues in political, geographical and social terms which leaves one such group unattended which is – People With Disabilities !!
India has a large number of people in these groups in comparison with other countries globally. Disability is caused by the way society is organised, rather than by a person’s impairment. Also, constitution of India provides special provisions for them. It has restricted the difference on the basis caste, creed, race, religion, gender, colour in Article 15(1) of the India Constitution. Still, it outlaws disability related harassment, bullying, unwanted behaviour which causes feelings such as offence or humiliation or hurt. It includes name calling or making fun which can mentally affect them without their fault. They need motivation and not mercy which has recently been proved in Olympic Games by them.
People with disabilities are unable to live like other citizens due to weak financial and political support. They are only provided right to education and exemption in tax under section 88b of Income Tax Act and right to cast their votes in election. Also, they get concessions in travelling by bus, train, air etc. But, due to no proper reservation quota unlike other backward classes for them, they fail to represent themselves in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha and stand for their Rights. My research deals with all above aspects in respect of their protection and equal employment opportunities at every level for them under National Welfare Trust 1999, proper implementation of protection and being independent. Environment for autism spectrum disorder, cerebral palsy, mental illness and chronic conditions is to be considered. The most important objective is to cast responsibility on government to take effective measures to ensure support and equal rights at regional, district as well as panchayat levels. It also deals with improvement in various schemes and their benefits in future to be provided to them thus, the overall goals is only social welfare of person with disabilities, as below:
Awareness of facilities to them implemented by central and state government.
Local concerns and family details of PWD’s and their attitudes towards welfare centres.
This research will give general status to every activities of PWD’s.
Measures to improve awareness as well as implementation can be suggested.