International Journal of Advanced Research and Development

International Journal of Advanced Research and Development


International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2018)

Economic reforms and expenditure on health in India


Dr. Avinash T

In this paper an attempt has been made to analyse the impact of economic reform on public health expenditure of centre and states combined, centre, all states and each of 15 major states. For the purpose public health expenditure is measured in per capita terms, as a share of total expenditure, as a share of GDP/NSDP. 30 years of times period (from 1976-77 to 2005-06) have been selected and that has been divided in two parts - 15 years of pre reform period (1976-77 to 1990-91) and 15 years of post reform period (from 1991-92 to 2005-06). We have considered health expenditure as expenditure on a) Medical and public health, Water supply and Sanitation and b) Family welfare. Both capital and revenue accounts of plan and non-plan expenditures have been taken for the analysis the paper finds that economic reforms did affect negatively on public health expenditure of centre and states combined, and all states. While in case of central government it affected positively. In case of major 15 states – public health expenditure as a share of total expenditure and as a share of NSDP has decreased, while in growth rates of per capita public health expenditure 7 out of 15 states show an increase during the reform period. The paper suggests that huge investment is necessary for the development of the health condition of the people.
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How to cite this article:
Dr. Avinash T. Economic reforms and expenditure on health in India. International Journal of Advanced Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2018, Pages 834-840
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development International Journal of Advanced Research and Development