International Journal of Advanced Research and Development

International Journal of Advanced Research and Development


International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2018)

Traditional knowledge vis-à-vis tribal rights


Dr. Jetling Yellosa

Advancement of science and technology has resulted into the radical changes in lives of human beings. Till recently richest man was oil worker now he is knowledge worker. In our country since ancient times almost all the rulers adored the knowledgeable persons with all comforts. In the present day scenario the knowledge is not only source of power but also primary source of property. Knowledge available through centuries to communities regarding all aspects of life is called the traditional knowledge in simple acrimony it is called as T.K. The traditional knowledge in other words called as indigenous knowledge or local community knowledge. Traditional Knowledge largely reflects community interests and much of communities in the world depend upon traditional knowledge for their survival.
There is no universally accepted definition available for the traditional knowledge. But some how internationally accepted definition is framed by the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) which defines it as follows: tradition based literary, artistic or scientific works, performances, inventions, scientific discoveries, designs, marks, names and symbols, undisclosed information and all other tradition based innovations and creations resulting from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields”. In our country there are fifty three million tribal people are inhabitating they belong to five hundred fifty tribal communities and each tribal community is possessing one or other sort of traditional knowledge but there is no accurate information available what kind of medicinal and other wonders which they have possessing. Medicinal knowledge of “Kasi” tribes of Meghalaya led to development of a sport drug named “Jeevani” which anti-stress and anti-fatigue agents based on herbal medicinal plant “Arogyapaacha”. Like wise many tribal communities in our country have possessing high and rich kind of traditional knowledge since centuries.
My paper deals with the meaning, definition, issues of traditional knowledge, tribal rights over traditional knowledge, prevailing legal mechanisms and finally suggestions for protection of traditional knowledge.
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How to cite this article:
Dr. Jetling Yellosa. Traditional knowledge vis-à-vis tribal rights. International Journal of Advanced Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2018, Pages 119-122
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development International Journal of Advanced Research and Development