International Journal of Advanced Research and Development

International Journal of Advanced Research and Development


International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2018)

A critical analysis of the new Land Acquisition Act: “The right to fair compensation and transparency in land acquisition, rehabilitation and resettlement act, 2013”


Naveen Ahlawat

“Land acquisition refers to the process where a government acquires land from land owners for any purpose. Generally, the purpose is related to development projects conducted either by PSUs (Public Sector units) or the private sector. Prior to the passage of this Bill (and it is yet to become an Act), we had the Land Acquisition Act of 1894 which was imposed in India since the time of British rule. Under this Act, the government could acquire any land as it wishes to, in the name of "public purpose". The British had never defined the words "public purpose" in a straightforward manner, which meant that in theory as well as in practice, a government could acquire land for any purpose they wanted, and term their purpose "public purpose". After independence, this practice continued whereby Indian governments, both at the central and at the state level, acquired large amounts of land for various kinds of development and infrastructure projects, such as roads, highways, ports (air and sea), power projects (thermal, hydro and nuclear) etc. Acquisitions had been done by agencies or units in the public sector. After 1991, when liberalization had taken place, most of the land acquisition was done by the government to provide land for the private sector, either for private sector projects (infrastructure projects like power, roads etc.) but also for housing projects and controversies also start for acquisition as in a welfare state the government can’t force the people to sell the land to private persons even on the name of Eminent Domain also this is wrong.”
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How to cite this article:
Naveen Ahlawat. A critical analysis of the new Land Acquisition Act: “The right to fair compensation and transparency in land acquisition, rehabilitation and resettlement act, 2013”. International Journal of Advanced Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2018, Pages 589-592
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