Isolation and analysis of chitinase from marine bacteria
Chitinase is involved in the process of producing mono and oligosaccharides from chitin. Furthermore, chitinase is a potential antifungal agent through its chitin degradation activity. Chitinase producing marine bacteria play an important role in the degradation of chitin in the ocean. In contrast chitin is absent in vertebrate animals and higher plants. Chitinivorous organism include many marine bacteria (Aeromonads, Bacillus, Vibrio among others). Chitinase have been implicated in plant resistance against fungal pathogens because of their inducible nature and antifungal activity in vitro. Isolation of marine Bacillus species from seawater by serial dilution and the bacteria has enzymatic activity. Although, chitinase have been isolated and characterised from a wide variety of sources, it is still important to screen for new sources for the production of chitinase with enhanced property and more economical values for the purpose of expanding their usefulness.