Effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge regarding menopausal problems and their remedial measures among middle aged women of selected areas of Jaipur (Raj)
Neha Mehta, Reddy GS
Introduction: Menopause is a physiologic change and is universal and unavoidable in a women’s reproductive journey. In few cases symptoms of menopause sometimes does not affect daily life of women while for others it is troublesome phase with many issues. Knowing more about menopause might empower women to cope better with menopausal changes and use effective measures for its management.Objective: The study aimed at assessing the existing knowledge and posttest knowledge regarding Menopausal problems and its remedial measures among middle aged women, determining the effectiveness of structure teaching program and finding the association between pre-test knowledge scores with selected demographic variables.Method: The study was conducted among 240 middle-aged women of 35-50 years of age. A Quasi-experimental one group pretest- posttest, pre-experimental design was adopted. Samples were selected through consecutive sampling technique from selected areas of Jaipur. Data were obtained through structured interview Questionnaire on (day 1st), then STP was administered to the participants. On the (day 7th). Analysis of the obtained data was done by frequency, percentages, chi-square, and paired‘t’ test. Result: the pretest knowledge of 85% of middle-aged women was found inadequate, 12.5%had moderate and 2.5% had adequate knowledge. In posttest 37.5% of the middle aged women gained adequate knowledge, 50% had moderate knowledge and 12.5% had inadequate knowledge regarding menopausal problems and their remedial measures. The overall pretest and posttest mean and standard deviation was found 10.92±3.32 &27.33 ±6.25 respectively. The structured teaching program was found to be effective in terms of enhancement of knowledge regarding menopausal problems and its remedial measures from 16.40±2.93.The paired t-test value (-34.24*) shows statistical significance at level of p< 0.05, establishing the effectiveness of STP. The chi-square values revealed significance at 5% level with occupation (χ 2= 502a), age at menarche (χ 2= 3.38), religion (χ 2= 5.74), type of family (χ 2= 2.05a).Conclusion: There is a significant increase in the knowledge of women regarding menopausal problems and their remedial measures. The structured teaching program was found to be an effective means to increase the knowledge of women regarding menopausal problems and their remedial measures.
Neha Mehta, Reddy GS. Effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge regarding menopausal problems and their remedial measures among middle aged women of selected areas of Jaipur (Raj). International Journal of Advanced Research and Development, Volume 6, Issue 2, 2021, Pages 19-26